Tim Burton is an American film director, film producer, writer and artist. He is famous for dark, movies such as Beetlejuice, Edward Scissorhands, The Nightmare Before Christmas, Ed Wood, Sleepy Hollow, Corpse Bride and Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street, and for blockbusters such as Pee-wee's Big Adventure, Batman, Batman Returns, Planet of the Apes, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory and Alice in Wonderland. This is his most recent film.
He Is very active in the field of stop motion animation. He has used different techniques in his films such as puppets for the main characters in ‘The Nightmare before Christmas’ to create realism and were structured hundreds of face models with different expressions. All of his films consist of stop motion animation. I like his style which Is dark gothic animation of puppets. I like the way he takes an object and creates a deathly scene. He creates spidery, gaunt, dark images which appear deathly and are created using dark colours.
Nick Park is an English filmmaker of stop motion animation and is best known as the creator of Wallace and Gromit and Shaun the Sheep. Nick Park works with the Aardman team and he has directed the following films for Aardman; The Wrong Trousers, Creature Comforts, A Close Shave, Chicken Run, Wallace & Gromit: The Curse Of The Were-Rabbit. All the characters are made from moulded plasticine modelling clay on metal armatures, and filmed with stop motion clay animation.
Nick Park and the Aardman team also produce commercials and music videos such as the video for Peter Gabriel’s ‘Sledgehammer’ which uses many different animation techniques including pixilation. This involves Gabriel holding poses while each frame was shot and moving between exposures, effectively becoming a human puppet. He is known for the use of clay mation as his films include puppets that are made out of clay. His films arent dark and gothic compared to films animated by Tim Burton. Nick Park's work is more bright, friendly and gives a happy atmosphere and is more aimed at children.
Willis Harold O'Brien
Willis Harold O'Brien was an Irish American pioneering motion picture special effects artist who perfected and specialized in stop-motion animation. He animated his early creations by covering wooden armatures with clay. He further perfected this technique by using ball and socket armatures covered with foam, foam latex, animal hair and fur in the following films; Birth of a Flivver, Morpheus Mike, The Dinosaur and the Missing Link: A Prehistoric Tragedy, R.F.D. 10,000 B.C.: A Mannikin Comedy, The Ghost of Slumber Mountain, The Lost World, King Kong, The Son of Kong. Nippy’s Nightmare was the first film to combine live actors with stop motion characters.
Joseph Roland Barbera was an influential American animator, director, producer, storyboard artist, and cartoon artist. He was in a partnership with William Hanna and they formed Hanna-Barbara. They are responsible for numerous cartoons and animations. They produced The Ruff & Reddy Show about the friendship between a dog and a cat. Hanna-Barbera soon established themselves with two successful television series: The Huckleberry Hound Show and The Yogi Bear Show. They then produced The Flintstones. A parody of The Honeymooners, the new show followed a typical Stone Age family with home appliances, talking animals, and celebrity guests.
By the late 1960s, Hanna-Barbera Productions was the most successful television animation studio in the business. The Hanna-Barbera studio produced over 3000 animated half-hour television shows. Among the more than 100 cartoon series they produced were The Quick Draw McGraw Show, Top Cat, Jonny Quest, The Magilla Gorilla Show, The Atom Ant/Secret Squirrel Show, Scooby-Doo, Super Friends, and The Smurfs. The company also produced animated specials based on Alice in Wonderland, Jack and the Beanstalk, and Cyrano de Bergerac, as well as the feature-length films Charlotte's Web and Heidi's Song
The animation technique known as limited animation was developed by Hanna Barbera. This allowed television animation to be more cost-effective, but often sacrificed artistic quality. Hanna–Barbera had first experimented with these techniques in the early days of Tom and Jerry. To reduce the cost of each episode, shows often focused more on character dialogue than detailed animation. The number of drawings for a seven-minute cartoon decreased from 14,000 to nearly 2,000, and the company implemented innovative techniques such as rapid background changes to improve viewing. The theme of the work produced was often comical cartoons aimed at children. In Tom & Jerry, hardly any dialogue was used but the story was still clear to the viewers.